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Civic Archaeological Museum – Cavaion Veronese

Piazza Fracastoro 8 (Municipio) – 37010 Cavaion Veronese (VR)
Summary


The Museum of Cavaion Veronese opened in 1990 thanks to the joint commitment of the Regional board for the protection of cultural heritage (Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Veneto), of the Municipal Administration of Cavaion and of the City Museum of Natural History of Verona, collects archaeological items coming from the field walking activities carried out in the area of Benaco. The building, divided into three exhibition rooms, is considered the museum of the whole district and gathers the materials dating back to the Bronze and Roman Age.

Collection history

The accidental finding in 1980 of a prehistoric village laid down along the edges of an intermorenic lake, spurred several important research activities in the region of Cavaion Veronese. Such surveys carried out between 1981 and 1987 by the Regional board for the protection of cultural heritage (Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Veneto), led in 1990 to the establishment of a small city museum where the archaeological finds collected during the field walking activities nearby Cà Nova are displayed.
The subsequent finding of a large slab in Cavaion, during some farming operations has brought to the discovery of a Roman necropolis whose most important pieces were enhanced in 1995 by creating an exhibition room fully dedicated to the cemetery of Bossema.

Description

The first room is completely dedicated to the settlement of Cà Nova, an ancient village around the lake dating back to the Late Bronze Age (1800-1600 B.C.). The objects found during the surveys carried out around the mid 1980’s is quite varied and have been wisely exhibited, divided by topics, into 11 display cases. The first display case contains a large semispherical bowl with a cross decoration filled with a white paste, a small bowl decorated with “small houses” and an earthen "enigmatic tablet".
The following display cases contain abundant fictile material discovered nearby Cà Nova. The admittedly didactic exhibition deals with the topic of the pottery produced inside the settlement.
The second display case contains the technique of modelling pots and displays handled bowls standing on pedestals and cups of different shapes and characteristics (with a grip, a handle, cylindrical-shaped, truncated conical). The third display case containing some examples of large bowls and carinate bowls, explains the way the clay plasticity was reduced by the use of degreasers and the way the pots were finished and decorated. The fourth display case collects several ovoid ceramic jars, truncated conical pots and globular cups and shows the delicate phase of cooking pottery which used to take place in small rudimentary outdoor ovens.
The following display cases deal with different topics. Noteworthy are the display with the ornamental decorations containing different objects related to clothing (pierced animal teeth, shells, glassy paste, amber and mother-of-pearl beads), the exhibition dedicated to farming, breeding and hunting focused on the working tools (arrowheads, a flint sickle element, deer antler weeding hoes), the room dedicated to weaving with a set of tools related to this activity (bone needles, loom weights and earthen spindle whorls), and the one dedicated to metallurgy with the tools used (crucibles, blow guns, moulds and sleekers) and some of the products obtained (daggers and axes).
The last part of the room is also dedicated to pottery. Different types of pots are on display (fragments of truncated conical and biconical pots, fragments of boilers and strainers, toy pots, cups) characterized by different modes of decoration (engraving, grooving, printed dots).

Inside the second room, there are 5 display cases illustrating the findings of different periods brought back to light in the areas around Cavaion. Very interesting is the site of Sant’Andrea di Incaffi, whose finds provide evidence for the presence of the settlements of the Middle and Recent Bronze Age (14th -13th century B.C.) and which shows a phase of the life during the Roman Age. Inside the first display case, there is a collection of items concerning the first phase; among them, noteworthy are some ovoid pots with vertical cordons and small ashlars, biconical pots, handled bowls and flint sickle elements. The Roman material coming from the same site is displayed in the fifth display case (two bronze axes and a limestone builder weight). The second display case contains items coming from the town of Maoni (bent handles, crescent-shaped handle elements, fragments of different kinds of pots) and from the town of Pastrengo.
The stone of Castagnar, inside the third display case is very interesting because of the peculiar decoration of the tympanum which depicts a farming cart with a driver and behind it, a young man with a cloak and a crook: it probably represents the journey of a deceased. Noteworthy is the small bronze in the fourth display case illustrating the personification of a river or a marine deity of the 1st -2nd century A.D. found nearby Albarè di Costermano.

The finding of a necropolis dating back to the Roman Age in Bossema di Cavaion at the beginning of the 1990’s led in 1995, to the arrangement of a room completely dedicated to this important site. The graveyard which can be dated back to the 3rd and 4th century A.D. is made up mainly of about fifty cremation and inhumation burials; 8 of them are displayed in this room.
In the middle of the room, a reconstruction of the cist inhumation grave 1 stands out (the skeleton is almost complete), on whose walls some openings were obtained for the grave goods(small ceramic jars and glass bottles). A display case contains the grave goods of the graves 2 (cremation) and 3 (inhumation): a fragment of a glass bracelet of the second half of the 3rd century A.D. and a bronze nail of the beginning of the 3rd century A.D.
There is also a reconstruction of the quadrangular-shaped cremation grave 5. Next to the burnt bones, laid on the bottom of the pit, funerary goods stand out including a glass dish, two (Celtic-type) handled ceramic pots, two unguentaria, an iron nail and a coin of Antoninus Pius. Another important burial is the grave 7 made up of two parallel-arranged pits, A and B.
Both contained a chaotic arrangement of skeletons and grave goods among which abundant glass materials (unguentaria, bottles, lachrymatories), an anthracite bracelet, some glass beads and two handled glasses made of utilitarian pottery.


Visiting

Admission: Negli orari di apertura

Ticket: No

School access

Disabled access

Opening Times

Opening Days
Tipology When Specs
Summer Monday Upon reservation
Summer Tuesday 10.00 – 12.30 e 16.30 – 19.00
Summer Wednesday Upon reservation
Summer Thursday 10.00 – 12.30 e 16.30 – 19.00
Summer Friday Upon reservation
Summer Saturday 10.00 – 12.30 e 16.30 – 19.00
Summer Sunday 09.00 – 12. 00
Winter Monday Upon reservation
Winter Tuesday Upon reservation
Winter Wednesday Upon reservation
Winter Thursday Upon reservation
Winter Friday Upon reservation
Winter Saturday Upon reservation
Winter Sunday 09.00 – 12.00

Summer openings: 15/06–15/09; Winter openings: 16/09–14/06

Recommended tour time (minutes): 45

Services for visitors

Toilet

Parking
Outside

Educational Services

Brochure
Italian

Information boards
Italian

Mobile cards
German

Captions under exhibits
Italian

PC learning points
Italian

Multilingual ads: Tedesco
Information sheets

Guided Tours

Educational activities

Library and documentation centre

Other activities


Bibliography

La necropoli romana a Bossema di Cavaion 1995, a cura di Salzani L. , Vago di Lavagno .
Musei e raccolte archeologiche del Veneto 2004, a cura di Di Mauro A., Dosson di Casier, pp. 124.
Bonetto J. 2009, Veneto (Archeologia delle Regioni d’Italia), Roma, pp. 360.


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